The Varna Region During the Period of the First Bulgarian Kingdom /681 1018/ From the 4th century AD 
hall 22
 
Halls 22 23 The Varna Region During the Period of the First Bulgarian Kingdom /681 1018/
From the 4th century AD onwards the ethnic structure of the territories on the western Black Sea coast became more and more variegated. Alongside with the local Thracian population, as a result of the barbarian invasions, groups of settlers coming from the territories to the south of the Danube appeared. In this process during the 6th century AD should be included the large Slavonic population groups that settled permanently in the ancient Thracian lands. During the 7th century AD here settled also the Proto-Bulgarians who established a Bulgarian state recognized by Byzantium in 681.

 The town life in Odessos was terminated in the middle of the 7th century AD. According to the archaeological investigations the surroundings of the town were populated by large compact groups of Slavs and Proto-Bulgarians. The Byzantine chroniclers Teofan and patriarch Nikiforus mentioned that after defeating the Byzantine army at the mouth of the Danube in 681 the Proto-Bulgarians headed by khan Asparukh reached "Varna, near Odessos". This was the first time the name of Varna was mentioned and later on that was the name given to the town that raised over the territory of the old Odessos. To the south of the new settlement along the coast of the bay was put up a defensive rampart in which a column with the Proto-Bulgarian sign was built in.
The territories were densely populated by Slavs and Proto-Bulgarians and that was confirmed by the numerous villages and necropolises studied on archaeological excavations to the west of Varna and in the 

 Devnya valley. In one of the Proto- Bulgarian settlements in the Devnya valley was found a unique model of a Proto-Bulgarian jurta house. In comparison to the previous epoch the funeral inventory was totally changed. The pottery was much cruder with totally different form and decorative ornaments. Some of the vessels were used for burial urns. 
 

Cremation was practiced alongside with the traditional burial. The decorations and the everyday objects in the lower showcases are mainly from these necropolises.
The belt and sling decorations /metal buckles, applications and tabs/ are elements of the Proto-Bulgarian military equipment of the Old Bulgarian army. 
 
After the adoption of Christianity in 865 during the rule of Knjaz Boris I, monasteries were put up in the district of Teke Karaach near Varna and the village of Ravna by the town of Provadija. Those were important religious and educational centers. The condition of the Old Bulgarian culture in the region is illustrated by inscriptions and carvings on stone walls, table utensils and architectural details. 
Of special interest are the two lead seals of the Bulgarian rulers, Knjaz Boris I and Czar Simeon discovered in a necropolis in a monastery from the surroundings of Varna.


 
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