of the Town Life in Varna /9th century AD/
|After long lasting wars in 1018 the Bulgarian
territories were conquered by Byzantium which put an end
to the First Bulgarian kingdom. Then during the first half of the
9th century AD over the ruins of the antique Odessos was put up a
town with a fortress under the name of the Old Bulgaria word Varna
/which comes from the older Slavonic word "vran", "vrana", "varn"
meaning "black"/. The newborn town was mentioned for the first time
by the Byzantine chroniclers in 1034.
During the period of the Byzantine rule /1018
–1185/ Varna turned into a significant port and commercial center.
Good evidence for that are the exhibited in the hall amphorae, table
utensils with sgraffito or painted decorations imported from Constantinopolis.
Ornaments and crosses for holding relics hint that the basic religion
of the territories was still Christianity.
The blacksmith's instruments and agricultural
tools typical for the 12th – 14th century point to the main occupation
of the population.
r c h e a e o l o g i c a l m u s e u m V
a r n a
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