Early Thracian Culture The Bronze Age /year 3200 1200 BC/ and the Early Iron Age /year 1200 500 BC/
hall 4
 
It is assumed that with the beginning of the Bronze Age when the metallurgy of bronze was introduced the Southeastern Balkan Peninsula has already been populated by the ancient Thracians.
On the left side of the hall are exhibited artifacts from the dwellings that have been sunken under the waters of the Varna Lakes dated back to the early Bronze Age. Obviously, after a short period of termination the pile dwellings were reestablished over the remnants of the earlier ones from the Eneolithic Age and even some new ones have been built as nowadays 13 such dwellings along the coasts of the Varna Lakes are known from the Bronze Age.
Especially significant is the development of the bronze metallurgy during the late Bronze Age  /second half of the 2nd Millennium BC/. Widely spread are the bronze objects buried in the earth as treasures such as bronze axes, sickles, etc. Of special interest is the bronze sword excavated by the village of Tcherkovna, Varna Region dated 13th 12th Century BC.
On the other side of the room are exhibited materials from Thracian necropolises of the Early Iron Age. These are typical for Northeast Thrace necropolises with graves cut in the rock or covered with burial mounds. As cremation was a basic funeral rite, manufactured were big clay funeral urns decorated with tongue like handles, swastikas, crosses, etc. At that time towards the end of the Early Iron Age the ancient Thracians have also adopted the potters' wheel. Iron became the basic material for working out tools and weapons.

 


   
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