A LATE ROMAN VILLA URBANA IN
Between 1976-1986 in the town of Devnya (Ancient Marcianopolis,
the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Secunda) a big Villa Urbana
was ecavated. It covers a whole insula of the Ancient town with an area
of about 4000 sq.m. The house was one-storied, apart from the south
wing, which was two-storied. There were over 20 rooms at the first floor,
surrounding an inner courtyard with colonade with Corinthian capitals.
||The house was approached from three of the four streets
running around her by means of six enrtances.
Among the others, three big rooms with a total area once of over 250
square meters of multicoloured figural floor mosaics, representing
mythlogical scenes and geometric, floral and animal motifs were excavated.
About 180 sq. meters of mosaics survived in good condition through
Among the figural motifs there are a beautiful Gorgo head, representations
of the seasons and the most fascinating - the love affairs of Jupiter,
of which the rape of Ganimedes and Jupiter with Antiope are more or less
intact. There were geometric floor mosaics in the main entrance corridor
and the portico too. The domus was built by a rich merchant, probably
of Eastern origin in early 4 th century A.D. and existed untill early
5th. Century AD, when it was destroyedd uring the first the Hunuc invasion.
There was occasional later occupation of some rooms of the house - in
the late 5th and 6th century AD, but of other ethnic origin. Over some
part of the house a modern Museum of mosaics was build and open for the
general public in 1986.
Alexander Minchev (Varna)